Autonomous school buses for children – Pros and cons


Unfortunately, school bus accidents can be a significant risk to the safety of children. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), between 2009 and 2018, there were 1,282 people killed in school transportation-related crashes in the United States. Of those fatalities, 260 were school-age children (age 18 or younger).

The NHTSA also reports that, on average, there are 128 fatalities in school transportation-related crashes each year, and of those, about 18 percent involve school-age children. Furthermore, school bus-related accidents are a leading cause of death among 5- to 14-year-old children, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

While various factors can cause school bus accidents, some common causes include driver error or distraction, mechanical failure, inclement weather, and other road hazards. It is important to note that despite these risks, school buses are still considered one of the safest modes of transportation for children. Any accident involving school transportation can have devastating effects on families and communities.

Autonomous school buses for children – Benefits

Autonomous school buses have the potential to reduce or eliminate school bus accidents in several ways:

  • Improved safety features: Autonomous school buses can have advanced safety features, such as collision avoidance systems, sensors, and cameras that can detect and respond to potential hazards more quickly and accurately than a human driver.
  • Reduced human error: Autonomous school buses do not rely on human drivers, which can eliminate the risk of accidents caused by human error, such as driver distraction, fatigue, or misjudgment.
  • Optimized routes and speeds: Autonomous school buses can optimize their routes and speeds based on real-time traffic data, reducing the risk of accidents caused by traffic congestion or other road hazards.
  • Advanced communication capabilities: Autonomous school buses can communicate with other vehicles, traffic signals, and pedestrians, which can improve coordination and reduce the risk of accidents.
  • Improved monitoring and reporting: Autonomous school buses can provide real-time data on their location, speed, and other operational parameters, which can be monitored and analyzed to identify potential safety issues and take corrective action.


It is important to note that the technology behind autonomous school buses is still in development, and there are challenges to be overcome before autonomous school buses can be deployed on a large scale. It will be important to rigorously test and evaluate the technology to ensure its safety and effectiveness and to address any social or emotional impacts on children that may arise from the absence of a human driver.

Implementing autonomous school buses will also require significant investment and collaboration between stakeholders, including government agencies, schools, bus manufacturers, and technology providers.

Parents may have several concerns about implementing autonomous school buses for their children. Parents are likely to be concerned about the safety of their children when riding on an autonomous school bus. They may worry about how the bus will respond to unexpected situations, such as a child running into the road or a vehicle swerving into the bus’s lane. Parents may also worry about the possibility of technical malfunctions or hacking that could compromise the safety of the bus and its passengers.

Parents may worry about the lack of communication with a human driver on an autonomous school bus. They may wonder who they would contact in an emergency or how they would communicate with the bus driver if their child forgot something on the bus. Parents may worry about the data collected by the autonomous school bus and who has access to that data. They may be concerned about sharing or using their child’s personal information without their permission.

Other challenges include:

  • Safety concerns: Safety is a primary concern with new technology, and autonomous school buses are no exception. There are questions about how the technology will perform in various weather and road conditions and how it will handle unexpected situations, such as a child running into the road. There is a need to ensure that autonomous school buses are safe and reliable before they are widely deployed.
  • Regulatory and legal issues: Deploying autonomous school buses will require new regulations and laws to be developed to ensure their safe operation. There are also questions about liability and insurance in an autonomous vehicle accident.
  • Cost: Autonomous school buses are likely more expensive than traditional ones due to the advanced technology and equipment required. This could be a barrier to adoption, particularly for smaller school districts or those with limited budgets.
  • Public acceptance: There may be concerns about the safety and reliability of autonomous school buses among parents, students, and the general public. There may also be questions about autonomous school buses’ social and emotional impacts on children, as they may miss the human interaction and connection they have with a human driver.
  • Infrastructure: The deployment of autonomous school buses will require a significant investment in infrastructure, such as new communication systems, traffic management systems, and charging stations for electric buses.


To address the concerns about the safety of children, school administrators, bus manufacturers, and technology providers can work together to educate parents about the safety features of the autonomous school bus. This can include information about how the technology works, safety protocols, and how the bus responds to unexpected situations.

It is also important to be transparent about the data collected by the autonomous school bus and who has access to it. Parents should be informed about how their child’s personal information is protected and what measures are in place to prevent unauthorized access to the data. Parents should be provided with clear communication channels to contact the school or the autonomous school bus in an emergency or to communicate with the bus driver. This can include a dedicated phone number or online portal.