Dark sides of dating apps – Lies, deceit, fraud, and sexual violence


One of the most significant advantages of online dating apps is their remarkable efficiency and unparalleled convenience. With a smartphone, users can effortlessly connect with other singles anytime and anywhere, initiating potential matches at their convenience. Employing sophisticated algorithms and meticulous techniques, these apps intelligently match users with like-minded individuals with similar interests, scientifically enhancing the chances of a successful relationship. Nevertheless, it’s important to acknowledge that online dating also has drawbacks.

Lies and Deceit

One significant issue that emerges from online dating is the prevalence of deception. Research indicates that approximately eighty percent of individuals are dishonest in their online dating profiles. This deceit is facilitated by the lack of stringent background checks or profile verifications most online dating services perform. Consequently, users find it rather effortless to falsify information about their weight, height, career, interests, or any other aspect necessary to create a more alluring persona.

While some users may resort to minor embellishments to make themselves stand out, others may resort to more malicious intentions, turning dating apps into a breeding ground for predators seeking to exploit vulnerable individuals in search of genuine connections. This disturbing trend has given rise to the disturbing phenomenon of “catfishing,” where individuals create fake identities to deceive and manipulate others.

Mental Health

Online dating apps can leave users vulnerable to the harmful effects of deception, significantly negatively impacting their mental health. Let’s explore a fictional scenario involving Jenny to better understand the potential consequences of online dating on one’s well-being.

Let’s meet a fictitious character Jenny, a 21-year-old university student who recently relocated to the city and grappled with loneliness. To alleviate her solitude, she tries Tinder, hoping to connect with like-minded individuals. Initially, things seem promising as she receives several matches. However, as time passes, Jenny becomes frustrated when she realizes the matches she’s receiving don’t align with her interests. This frustration makes her feel invisible and inadequate, resulting in a decline in her self-esteem.

Amid her disappointment, Jenny starts comparing herself to other users, particularly those she perceives as her competition. She alters her presentation in pictures and uses explicit images to garner more attention. This act of self-objectification perpetuates her belief that her physical appearance is insufficient, leading her to harshly criticize herself.

Moreover, Jenny’s insecurities extend to her self-identity. She doubts whether she’s exciting or funny enough to attract potential matches. Consequently, she feels compelled to lie or exaggerate details in her bio to create an illusion of having a more appealing personality. These efforts, driven by a desire to meet the perceived standards and expectations set by dating apps, only exacerbate the toll on her mental health.

Jenny’s experience highlights the potentially detrimental impact of online dating on users’ well-being, as they may feel pressured to conform to a certain mold in pursuit of validation and connection. These platforms can inadvertently foster an environment where users judge themselves harshly based on superficial aspects, leading to feelings of inadequacy and insecurity.


Unfortunately, online dating opens the door for dishonest individuals who create fake profiles to deceive and trap potential victims. These cyber-criminals adopt attractive personas, preying on the vulnerability of others to perpetrate scams. Once they establish contact with their targets, scammers employ manipulative techniques, including engaging in fictitious long-term romantic relationships, to gain their victims’ trust and eventually exploit them for substantial sums of money. Their methods involve crafting messages and other communications that appear personalized and genuine, luring their victims deeper into the deception.

Part of the scammers’ ploy is to prolong communication with their victims, investing considerable time to build a false sense of trust and intimacy. Once they believe sufficient rapport has been established, they may attempt to shift communication to unmonitored platforms, further concealing their deceitful activities.

The consequences of such scams can be emotionally and financially devastating, leaving victims in distress and financial loss. According to the FBI, online romance scams have resulted in an estimated total loss of $85 million in the United States alone, underscoring this issue’s seriousness and widespread nature.

Sexual Violence

Disturbingly, research indicates that a significant percentage of individuals using dating websites or apps have experienced unwanted sexual encounters. According to a study, 11.4% of men and 25.3% of women have faced such distressing situations with someone they met through these platforms. Sexual violence on dating apps has become alarmingly prevalent, leading to a normalization of this unacceptable behavior.

An additional study revealed that Tinder users were more than three times as likely as non-users to experience non-consensual sex, highlighting the concerning risks associated with using certain dating apps. Moreover, the broader evidence emphasizes that specific population subgroups are disproportionately targeted, with women and girls, sexual and gender minorities (such as gay, lesbian, bisexual, trans, and gender-nonconforming individuals), and people of color facing higher risks of such violence.


In conclusion, dating apps have given rise to a phenomenon known as “hyperpersonal communication,” where individuals tend to develop a heightened sense of trust and closeness more rapidly due to selective self-presentation and halo effects. Unfortunately, this can be exploited by offenders who gain their victims’ trust and manipulate them into engaging in risky behaviors, leading to potential abuse and harm.

Despite the risks and drawbacks of online dating apps, their efficiency and convenience will likely ensure their continued popularity and usage. However, users must be aware of the potential risks and adopt strategies and techniques to increase their safety while using these platforms.

To safeguard against potential harm, users should exercise caution and skepticism when interacting with others online. Avoiding sharing sensitive personal information too soon and refraining from meeting in private residences early on can help mitigate risks. Utilizing dating apps that prioritize user safety and implement thorough profile verification processes can contribute to a safer online dating experience.