25 National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes in the US


The National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes (NAIRIs) are a network of research centers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in collaboration with other government agencies, private companies, and foundations. These institutes form the backbone of the US’s AI research landscape, focusing on various aspects of AI and its applications across different fields.

NSF leads the National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes program, forming the nation’s largest AI research ecosystem. These 25 institutes focus on various aspects of AI, tackling critical challenges and fostering innovation. Here’s a closer look at each institute and its offerings:

  1. AI Institute for Adult Learning and Online Education (AI-ALOE): AI-ALOE focuses on revolutionizing adult learning and online education through the integration of artificial intelligence. By leveraging AI technologies, they aim to personalize learning experiences, enhance engagement, and optimize educational outcomes for adult learners across various disciplines and industries.
  2. NSF AI Institute for Advances in Optimization (AI4OPT): AI4OPT is dedicated to advancing optimization techniques through artificial intelligence. Their research spans a wide range of applications including logistics, scheduling, resource allocation, and decision-making processes. By harnessing the power of AI, they strive to develop more efficient and effective optimization algorithms to address complex real-world problems.
  3. AI Institute for Agent-based Cyber Threat Intelligence and Operation (ACTION): ACTION specializes in cybersecurity research with a focus on agent-based approaches for threat intelligence and operation. Through AI-driven analysis and detection mechanisms, they aim to enhance cyber defense capabilities, mitigate security risks, and safeguard critical systems and infrastructure against evolving cyber threats.
  4. AI Institute for Agricultural AI for Transforming Workforce and Decision Support (AgAID): AgAID is committed to leveraging artificial intelligence to revolutionize agriculture by enhancing workforce productivity and decision-making processes. Their research focuses on developing AI-driven solutions for crop management, precision agriculture, supply chain optimization, and sustainable farming practices to address the challenges faced by the agricultural industry.
  5. AI Institute for Artificial and Natural Intelligence (ARNI): ARNI explores the synergy between artificial and natural intelligence to develop innovative solutions for various domains including healthcare, robotics, language processing, and cognitive computing. By combining insights from neuroscience and AI technologies, they aim to create more human-like intelligent systems that can adapt to dynamic environments and interact seamlessly with humans.
  6. AI Institute for Artificial Intelligence and Fundamental Interactions (IAIFI): IAIFI focuses on advancing the frontier of artificial intelligence in understanding fundamental interactions in complex systems such as particle physics, cosmology, and quantum mechanics. Through interdisciplinary collaboration and cutting-edge AI techniques, they seek to unravel the mysteries of the universe and push the boundaries of scientific discovery.
  7. AI Institute For Climate-Land Interactions, Mitigation, Adaptation, Tradeoffs and Economy (AI-CLIMATE): AI-CLIMATE is dedicated to harnessing artificial intelligence for climate research, adaptation, and mitigation strategies. Their research spans climate modeling, environmental monitoring, natural disaster prediction, and policy analysis to address the urgent challenges posed by climate change and promote sustainable development.
  8. AI Institute for Collaborative Assistance and Responsive Interaction for Networked Groups (AI-CARING): AI-CARING focuses on developing collaborative AI systems that facilitate seamless interaction and assistance within networked groups. Their research encompasses areas such as multi-agent systems, human-computer interaction, and social computing to enhance teamwork, communication, and decision-making processes in diverse collaborative settings.
  9. AI Institute for Edge Computing Leveraging Next Generation Networks (Athena): Athena specializes in edge computing research with a focus on leveraging next-generation networks and AI technologies to enable real-time data processing and analysis at the network edge. By minimizing latency and bandwidth usage, they aim to support emerging applications such as Internet of Things (IoT), autonomous vehicles, and augmented reality.
  10. AI Institute for Engaged Learning (EngageAI): EngageAI is dedicated to revolutionizing education through engaged learning experiences powered by artificial intelligence. Their research focuses on developing AI-driven tutoring systems, personalized learning platforms, and immersive educational content to enhance student engagement, retention, and academic performance across diverse learning environments.
  11. National AI Institute for Exceptional Education (AI4ExceptionalEd): AI4ExceptionalEd focuses on leveraging artificial intelligence to support exceptional education for individuals with diverse learning needs and abilities. Their research spans assistive technologies, adaptive learning systems, and personalized interventions to empower learners with disabilities and promote inclusive education practices in schools and communities.
  12. AI Institute for Foundations of Machine Learning (IFML): IFML is dedicated to advancing the theoretical foundations of machine learning through interdisciplinary research and collaboration. Their work encompasses statistical learning theory, optimization algorithms, and theoretical neuroscience to deepen our understanding of machine learning principles and develop more robust and interpretable AI models.
  13. AI Institute for Future Agricultural Resilience, Management, and Sustainability (AIFARMS): AIFARMS focuses on developing AI-driven solutions to enhance agricultural resilience, management, and sustainability in the face of environmental challenges and resource constraints. Their research spans precision farming, climate-smart agriculture, and sustainable food systems to optimize resource utilization, minimize environmental impact, and ensure food security for future generations.
  14. AI Institute for Future Edge Networks and Distributed Intelligence (AI-EDGE): AI-EDGE specializes in research on future edge networks and distributed intelligence to support emerging applications such as edge computing, 5G networks, and Internet of Things (IoT). By developing AI-driven solutions for network optimization, resource allocation, and edge intelligence, they aim to enable low-latency, high-bandwidth communication and computation at the network edge.
  15. AI Institute for Inclusive Intelligent Technologies for Education (INVITE): INVITE focuses on developing inclusive intelligent technologies for education that cater to diverse learner needs and preferences. Their research spans accessible design, adaptive learning systems, and inclusive pedagogies to promote equitable access to quality education and enhance learning outcomes for all students, regardless of their backgrounds or abilities.
  16. AI Institute for Intelligent CyberInfrastructure with Computational Learning in the Environment (ICICLE): ICICLE specializes in intelligent cyberinfrastructure research with a focus on computational learning in environmental science and engineering. Their work encompasses data-driven modeling, simulation, and optimization techniques to address complex environmental challenges such as climate change, natural hazards, and ecological sustainability.
  17. AI Institute for Next Generation Food Systems (AIFS): AIFS is dedicated to revolutionizing food systems through the integration of artificial intelligence and advanced technologies. Their research focuses on precision agriculture, smart food supply chains, and personalized nutrition to enhance food quality, safety, and sustainability from farm to fork, addressing global challenges such as food security and malnutrition.
  18. AI Institute for Research on Trustworthy AI in Weather, Climate, and Coastal Oceanography (AI2ES): AI2ES focuses on researching trustworthy AI solutions for weather forecasting, climate modeling, and coastal oceanography. By developing AI-driven algorithms for data assimilation, prediction, and risk assessment, they aim to improve the accuracy and reliability of weather and climate predictions, mitigate natural disaster risks, and support sustainable coastal management practices.
  19. AI Institute for Resilient Agriculture (AIIRA): AIIRA specializes in developing AI-driven solutions to enhance the resilience of agricultural systems against climate variability, pest outbreaks, and other environmental stresses. Their research encompasses crop monitoring, pest detection, and adaptive management strategies to optimize crop yields, minimize losses, and ensure the long-term sustainability of agricultural production.
  20. AI Institute for Societal Decision Making (AI-SDM): AI-SDM focuses on leveraging artificial intelligence for societal decision-making processes in areas such as public policy, governance, and urban planning. Their research spans predictive modeling, decision support systems, and policy simulation tools to inform evidence-based policymaking, enhance stakeholder engagement, and address complex societal challenges.
  21. AI Institute for Student-AI Teaming (iSAT): iSAT specializes in research on student-AI teaming to enhance collaborative learning experiences and academic performance. Their work encompasses intelligent tutoring systems, collaborative problem-solving environments, and AI-mediated feedback mechanisms to promote effective teamwork, communication, and knowledge acquisition among students and AI agents.
  22. The Institute for Trustworthy AI in Law & Society (TRAILS): TRAILS focuses on researching trustworthy AI solutions for legal and societal applications, including law enforcement, criminal justice, and governance. By addressing ethical, legal, and social implications of AI technologies, they aim to ensure fairness, transparency, and accountability in AI-driven decision-making processes and promote public trust and confidence in AI systems.
  23. AI Institute in Dynamic Systems (Dynamics AI): Dynamics AI specializes in research on AI-driven dynamic systems modeling and control for applications in robotics, autonomous vehicles, and cyber-physical systems. Their work encompasses reinforcement learning, adaptive control, and predictive modeling techniques to enable autonomous decision-making and behavior adaptation in dynamic and uncertain environments.
  24. Molecule Maker Lab Institute (MMLI): MMLI focuses on leveraging artificial intelligence and automation technologies for accelerating the discovery and synthesis of new molecules with potential applications in drug discovery, materials science, and chemical engineering. By combining AI-driven virtual screening, molecular design, and automated synthesis techniques, they aim to streamline the drug discovery process, reduce time-to-market, and facilitate the development of novel therapeutics and materials.
  25. The Institute For Learning-enabled Optimization at Scale (TILOS): TILOS specializes in research on learning-enabled optimization techniques for large-scale systems and applications such as logistics, transportation, and supply chain management. Their work encompasses reinforcement learning, metaheuristic optimization, and distributed computing techniques to address scalability, complexity, and uncertainty challenges in optimizing large-scale systems and operations.

These 25 National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes in the US represent a diverse array of interdisciplinary research initiatives aimed at advancing the frontier of artificial intelligence and its applications across various domains, from education and agriculture to cybersecurity and healthcare. Through collaborative efforts and innovative research endeavors, these institutes are driving transformative advancements in AI technologies and contributing to societal progress and well-being.