Exoskeletons: How wearable robots are changing healthcare

robotic exoskeletons

Exoskeletons are wearable robotic devices designed to enhance the wearer’s physical abilities. They are typically made up of a metal or plastic framework and contain electric motors or hydraulic systems, allowing users to move their limbs with greater strength and agility. Exoskeletons can be used for various purposes, such as assisting individuals with mobility impairments, providing extra support for manual laborers, and enhancing the performance of athletes or soldiers. They are often used in manufacturing, healthcare, and the military.

Exoskeletons are becoming increasingly important in healthcare for several reasons. First, they can assist patients with mobility impairments, such as spinal cord injuries, to stand, walk, and even climb stairs. This can improve their quality of life and reduce the risk of immobility-related secondary complications, such as pressure ulcers and infections.

Second, exoskeletons can also reduce the burden on caregivers by allowing patients to perform some tasks independently, leading to increased self-esteem and reduced stress for both patients and caregivers.

Third, exoskeletons can be used in rehabilitation to aid in the recovery of patients who have suffered injuries or strokes. Exoskeletons can help patients relearn walking and performing other tasks by providing support and feedback during movement.

Finally, exoskeletons can reduce the risk of injury for healthcare workers who perform physically demanding tasks, such as lifting and moving patients. By providing support and augmenting their strength, exoskeletons can reduce the risk of musculoskeletal injuries and improve the overall safety of the healthcare workplace.

Benefits of exoskeletons for patients

Exoskeletons offer a range of potential benefits for patients in healthcare.

  • Improved mobility: Exoskeletons can assist patients with mobility issues, helping them to walk or stand more easily and with less pain.
  • Enhanced rehabilitation: Exoskeletons can be used as part of a rehabilitation program for patients recovering from injuries or surgeries, helping to improve muscle strength and coordination.
  • Reduced strain on caregivers: Patients with mobility issues often require assistance from caregivers to move around, leading to strain and injury. Exoskeletons can help reduce the strain on caregivers by assisting patients.
  • Improved quality of life: Patients who can move more easily and independently may experience improved quality of life and greater autonomy.
  • Potential health benefits: Exoskeletons may help prevent or reduce the risk of immobility-related secondary health issues, such as pressure sores or respiratory problems.
  • Customization: Exoskeletons can be customized to fit individual patients and their specific needs, providing a personalized solution for each patient’s mobility needs.

Benefits of exoskeletons for healthcare workers or providers

Exoskeletons can also benefit healthcare workers or providers in the following ways. Healthcare workers often have to lift and move heavy patients or equipment, which can cause physical strain and injuries. Exoskeletons can help reduce the strain on their backs, shoulders, and arms, reducing the risk of musculoskeletal disorders.

Exoskeletons can help healthcare workers move patients or equipment more easily and quickly, making them more productive and efficient. With the help of exoskeletons, healthcare workers can provide better patient care by reducing the risk of injury during patient handling and improving their physical capabilities. Exoskeletons can help reduce the cost of healthcare by reducing the number of work-related injuries and associated healthcare costs for healthcare workers, as well as reducing the length of hospital stays for patients.

Current challenges in the adaptation of exoskeletons in healthcare

The adaptation of exoskeletons in healthcare still faces several challenges. The cost of exoskeletons is relatively high, which makes it difficult for healthcare facilities to acquire them. Due to the high cost of exoskeletons, only a limited number of healthcare facilities can access them, restricting the number of patients who can benefit from this technology. Exoskeletons require skilled technicians to operate and maintain them, which can be challenging for some healthcare facilities.

Regulatory challenges regarding approval, reimbursement, and liability issues must be addressed before exoskeletons can be widely adopted in healthcare. Healthcare providers must be trained to use exoskeletons, but awareness and training programs are lacking. Some patients may find exoskeletons uncomfortable, limiting their willingness to use this technology.


The future of exoskeletons as wearable robots in healthcare looks promising. With ongoing technological advancements, exoskeletons are becoming more lightweight, customizable, and affordable, making them more accessible to needy patients.

In the future, exoskeletons have the potential to greatly improve the quality of life for patients with mobility impairments, such as those with spinal cord injuries or stroke. They can provide patients with greater independence, allowing them to perform daily activities that were previously impossible. Additionally, exoskeletons may lead to improved rehabilitation outcomes, as they can provide targeted therapy and support during recovery.

Exoskeletons can also have benefits for healthcare providers. They can reduce healthcare workers’ physical strain and workload, particularly those involved in patient lifting and transfer. This can reduce the risk of musculoskeletal injuries common among healthcare workers.

However, some challenges still need to be addressed in adopting exoskeletons in healthcare. These include concerns around cost and reimbursement and the need for greater standardization regarding device design and training protocols. Despite these challenges, the potential benefits of exoskeletons in healthcare make them an exciting area of development and research.