Generation 4 vs Generation 5 Robotics: A Comparison

In the ever-evolving landscape of robotics, the transition from Generation 4 to Generation 5 marks a significant milestone characterized by technological advancements and a shift towards collaborative and personal robotics. This article provides an in-depth analysis comparing these two generations’ key characteristics and technological innovations.

Generation 4: Intelligent Robots (2000-2017)

The fourth generation of robots, from 2000 to 2017, witnessed the emergence of intelligent robots equipped with advanced computing capabilities. These robots were capable of processing data and excelled in logical reasoning and learning. One of the defining features of this generation was the inclusion of artificial intelligence (AI), albeit in experimental stages.

Moreover, Generation 4 robots were equipped with more sophisticated sensors that allowed for complex data analysis through intricate control strategies. This enhanced the robot’s ability to base its actions on solid and reliable information, improving adaptability in various environments. A notable advancement during this period was the introduction of collaborative robots, exemplified by innovations like the Roomba, the first domestic vacuum cleaner robot, and YuMi, a collaborative robot designed to work alongside humans.

Technological developments such as the Player Project, the Gazebo simulator, and the Robot Operating System (ROS) further propelled the evolution of robotics during this period. Additionally, hardware platforms like Single Board Computers (SBCs), notably the Raspberry Pi, democratized robotics by enabling millions of users worldwide to easily create robots.

Here are the key characteristics of Generation 4 robotics:

  • Inclusion of advanced computing capabilities.
  • Ability to carry out logical reasoning and learning.
  • Experimental inclusion of artificial intelligence (AI).
  • Utilization of sophisticated sensors for data analysis.
  • Introduction of collaborative robots.
  • Technological advancements include the Player Project, Gazebo simulator, and Robot Operating System (ROS).
  • Democratization of robotics through Single Board Computers (SBCs) like Raspberry Pi.

Generation 5: Collaborative and Personal Robots

The fifth generation of robots represents a paradigm shift towards collaborative and personal robotics, characterized by robots and humans sharing the same environment and actively collaborating. These robots are designed to enhance everyday activities, offering modularity and reconfigurability to adapt to diverse tasks and environments.

Recent advancements in artificial intelligence, exemplified by milestones such as AlphaGo’s victory over world-class players in the game of Go, have paved the way for integrating AI into robotics. This convergence of AI and robotics, coupled with significant investments in the field, has set high expectations for the future development of robotics.

According to the characteristics of Generation 5, robots are poised to coexist harmoniously with humans, augmenting human capabilities and simplifying daily life. The emphasis on collaborative and personal robots signifies a shift towards enhancing human-robot interaction and creating robots seamlessly integrating into various aspects of human life.

Here are the key characteristics of Generation 5 robotics:

  • Coexistence of robots and humans in the same environment.
  • Collaboration between robots and humans.
  • Reconfigurable and modular design.
  • Enhancement of everyday activities.
  • Emphasis on augmenting human capabilities.
  • The expectation is to simplify and improve daily life.
  • Integration of recent advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) into robotics.


In conclusion, the transition from Generation 4 to Generation 5 robotics represents a profound evolution characterized by technological advancements and a shift toward collaborative and personal robotics. While Generation 4 showcased the emergence of intelligent robots with advanced computing capabilities, Generation 5 heralds a new era of robots that coexist with humans, enhance human capabilities, and simplify everyday life. As robotics advances, the synergy between AI and robotics is expected to drive further innovation, shaping the future of robotics in diverse fields and applications.