In 2013, the first-ever commercial drone was displayed at the Consumer Electronics Show (CES). Drones, also known as unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), have shown significant commercial potential in various industries since then.
Drones are used in various industries, including construction, agriculture, oil and gas, and law enforcement. Drones are currently being tested for pizza delivery, medical supplies, and emergency assistance applications. Drone applications have significantly expanded in capabilities and applications over the last nine years.
Experts predict that the drone market will grow at a breakneck pace, reaching US$100 billion by 2024. Drone applications are bolstered by adopting cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and machine learning technologies. The total addressable market for drone applications in construction and agriculture is expected to be US$11 billion and US$6 billion, respectively, globally.
All technologies have the potential to be abused, and drones are no exception. In 2013, Germany’s Pirate Party flew a small multi-rotor drone close to Angela Merkel during an open-air rally, prompting many to wonder how easily a drone could attack an otherwise well-protected area. This incident demonstrated how drones have the potential to disrupt our current working practices. Since then, there have been numerous instances in which drones have disrupted security and privacy and aided in the penetration of otherwise difficult targets.
Given below are a few examples:
- During a televised national event in Caracas in August 2018, a failed assassination attempt against Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro was mounted with explosive-armed drones. The drones set off explosives above the audience, injuring a few people.
- Terrorists in the United Arab Emirates claimed to have sent an armed drone to attack the international airport in Abu Dhabi, the country’s capital, in July 2018. While the authorities deny the allegations, the Caracas incident demonstrates that it is possible.
- A drone crashed onto the White House lawn in January 2015 after its operator lost control, raising concerns that the US President’s residence could be targeted.
- A man protesting Japan’s nuclear policy also dropped a drone carrying radioactive sand from the Fukushima nuclear disaster onto the Prime Minister’s office grounds in 2015. The amount of radiation, on the other hand, was negligible.
Aside from the security risks posed by drones, there have long been concerns about drone video, images, and data privacy. Drones have been used to enable flagrant violations of privacy in some cases.
Some of the instances are as below:
- In November 2016, a husband used drones equipped with cameras to catch his wife cheating, then shared the evidence online.
- A woman in Washington spotted a drone outside her window in March 2017 and attempted to shoot it down, first with stones, then with a gun.
Drones have been used to breach secure areas and collect data via remote signals, which can be received by drones equipped with camera payloads.
Some examples of using drones for penetrating systems are:
- Data leakage via hard drive LED lights, read via light-sensitive remote operating systems (drones, say outside a window).
- According to research, a multi-function printer’s light sensitivity can be exploited, and different light sources can be used to infiltrate and install the malware in a system. These attacks can be carried out remotely using a laser on drones or a laser on a tripod.